But the fetus isn’t even a life. It’s a clump of cells. It doesn’t matter.
Straight from the embryology textbook:
A zygote [fertilized egg] is the beginning of a new human being. Human development begins at fertilization, the process during which a male gamete … unites with a female gamete or oocyte … to form a single cell called a zygote. This highly specialized, totipotent cell marks the beginning of each of us as a unique individual.
Okay, it’s a human, but it’s not a person.
A criterion for personhood that depends on certain functions of human activity implies that individuals who perform the chosen function more excellently should have higher human value. Individuals suffering from severe Alzheimer’s disease or under general anesthesia, who may not be self-aware or able to create future expectations, could no longer be considered persons. We know, however, that the human under general anesthesia retains his personal identity despite his temporary lack of self-awareness, so his personhood must cohere in his underlying nature. Legally speaking, “persons” are guaranteed the fundamental rights of individuals, including the right to life. Historically, abuses of personhood have led to the genocide of groups deemed “non-persons” by more powerful political or social groups. For example, up until the 14th Amendment, African-American slaves were legally considered three-fifths of a person. Native Americans were exploited because they were treated as less than full persons. The racial distinctions used to label these groups as “non-persons” were conveniently invented to justify the violation of human rights.
But it’s basically just a parasite!
You’re just against it because you’re (religious, Republican, conservative, etc.), but I’m not (religious, Republican, conservative, etc.).
But if you make abortion illegal, women will die! Haven’t you heard of back alley abortions?
But what about cases of rape or incest?
What if the woman is going to die?
What if the child is going to have a short life anyways?
Abortion is needed to prevent overpopulation.
Women don’t regret their abortions!
Well, if you’re against abortion, why aren’t you against [insert other human rights injustice]?
We are against all forms of aggressive violence. That includes, but is not limited to: unjust war, abortion, euthanasia, slavery, torture, rape, embryonic stem cell research, human trafficking, abuse, sexism, racism, police brutality, suicide, etc.
That being said, not every pro-life organization is against all of the above. Dismissing their arguments against abortion because they happen to not be against some other form of injustice is an ad hominem fallacy.
If you’re gonna be against abortion, you better be doing [insert some charitable action].
This is similar to the previous argument. Dismissing someone’s argument because you feel that they aren’t “doing enough” is another ad hominem fallacy.
That being said, pro-life organizations do a whole lot to support those in need:
You can’t be a feminist if you’re pro-life! Being pro-life is anti-woman.
That’s a straw man argument. Straw men make for poor arguments.
Besides, try to tell that to our feminist foremothers who were anti-abortion.
And finally, the most popular pro-choice argument:
My body, my choice!
When you realize why the political pro-life/pro-choice divide truly exists, the whole “bodily autonomy” argument falls apart. At its core, it’s not merely about protecting fetuses or not. It’s about whether abortion should be a legally sanctioned medical procedure. And the right to bodily autonomy doesn’t guarantee any sort of medical procedure no matter what. In most jurisdictions, no practitioner will legally give breast implants to an underage girl. Surgeons refuse to amputate the limbs of BIID sufferers. Are those infringements upon bodily autonomy? Of course not. Nobody is fundamentally entitled to procedures that may be irresponsible or unethical.
Thanks to Feminists Against Violence.